History of The Tomato Fruit


The story of the tomato plant is a tale of three continents; South America, Europe, and North America. The European part of the story began in the 1500s, when Spanish and Portuguese explorers returned to their respective countries with exotic crops, including tomatoes. Here is the short history of the tomato fruit.

Although it is clear that Lycopersicon esculentum originated in South America, the tomato was most likely initially cultivated and plants selected based on fruit size in Mexico.

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The first tomato seeds…

As a result, once Cortez conquered Mexico City in 1519, the first tomato seeds were brought to Europe from Mexico. It was not until 1533 that the Spaniards invaded Peru and Ecuador.

Thomas Jefferson grew the tomato after it was introduced to the United States and presented it to the table.

In an attempt to bring the tomato into the diet of the poor in Alabama, whose diets were severely lacking in vitamins, George Washington Carver planted and recommended the fruit.

The majority of tomato plants cultivated today are hybrids, which are the product of crossbreeding to create certain plant traits like stress resistance, insect resistance, disease resistance, and fruit features such as uniform size and coloration, longer shelf life, and firmness, as well as disease resistance.

You might want to read this: How and Why Important is Soil Testing?

Open-pollinated varieties

Aside from hybrids, there are “open-pollinated varieties,” which include Heirloom varieties, which were the major kinds produced prior to the introduction of hybrids in the mid-1940s.

Seed from open-pollinated types may be kept and grown into the same plant, while seed from hybrid fruits will not grow into the same plant as the one from which it was taken.

The tomato fruit did not become a prominent meal until the twentieth century when it was consumed directly or as a component in a variety of foods. Today, per capita intake of fresh tomato fruit is increasing as more information about the health advantages of including it in one’s diet becomes available.

Today, the average American consumes about 90 pounds of tomato as fruit and tomato-containing products.

Tomato is one of the most demanded garden fruit grown in the United States. Commercially, China is the larger producer, followed by United States, Turkey, India, and Italy. California accounts for 90% of U.S. production and 35% of the world’s production.

In the United States, tomato fruit production has a farm value of over 2 billion dollars.

Tomato fruit production data is being reported yearly from 144 countries. In the last ten years, the most crucial development has been increasing greenhouse-grown tomatoes from significant production hubs in the Netherlands, Spain, Canada, the United States, and Mexico.

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Free trade agreements among nations have allowed for the ease of movement of fruit from country to country.

Accompanying this increased movement has been the shift away from the production of beefsteak (large) fruit to smaller, such as cocktail, cherry, grape, and Roma. Consumers’Consumers’ major priority is taste. This has contributed to a growing demand for smaller, more flavorful fruits.

Based on the perception of high-flavored fruit, Heirloom varieties are attracting increasing attention from both home gardeners and small commercial growers for marketing in local farmer markets.

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History of The Tomato Fruit – Heirloom Varieties

The term “Heirloom varieties” was coined in the 1990s and related to those tomato varieties that were commonly grown before the 1950s after hybrid tomato varieties were first introduced in 1945. Heirloom varieties are more attractive to consumers since they come in various fruit sizes and skin colors (black, purple, brown, yellow, orange, pink, bicolor).

Fruit-on-the-vine (TOV), often known as “cluster tomatoes,” is becoming a popular fruit in the United States. Fruit is being packaged in the most appealing way possible by growers. The consumer is provided with bright red or dazzling, yellow-colored fruit that is free of blemishes.

In addition, pesticide-free and/or organically grown fruit is also gaining preference among some consumers.

Gourmet chefs are searching for a wide range of colors, sizes (from very huge to grape or cherry kinds), and flavor qualities in their fruits. Fast food chains require tomato fruit of uniform size, shape, and color. In contrast, gourmet chefs require various fruit colors, dimensions (from very large to grape or cherry types), and flavor characteristics.

Tomatoes can be roughly classified into 7 groups:

  • Slicing or globe – for processing and fresh eating.
  • Beefsteak – large fruit for use in sandwiches
  • Oxheart – range in size up to beefsteak
  • Plum or paste – high solid content for use in sauce and paste
  • Pear – pear-shaped, for rich gourmet paste
  • Cherry – small and oblong, a variation of the plum tomatoes
  • Grape – a smaller and oblong variation of the plum tomato for use in salads
  • Campari – bigger than cherry, smaller than plum, sweet, and known for their juiciness, low in acidity, and lacks of mealiness.

How and Why Important is Soil Testing?

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You need to take regular soil testing ad the pH level of your soil fluctuates wildly, even on a day-to-day scale. Mother Nature is constantly affecting your soil’s pH level through rainfall or a lack thereof. So, it is crucial to test your soil regularly to ensure that its pH level is compatible with your crop growing objectives.

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Samples for soil testing from different points of the land

Soil Testing for PH Levels

When measuring a soil’s pH level, it is important to take samples from various points in your garden or farm. The pH level of one particular small plot of soil can vary depending on the presence of rocks or other elements. Measure the pH level at various points on your land and take the average of all of them to understand your soil’s overall pH level better.

You might want to see that: Best regions for buying agricultural land in Turkey

Ways of Soil Analysis

There are a few different ways to test pH levels in the soil.

  1. One of the most expensive yet the most accurate way of soil analysis in Turkey and most of the other countries is to use an electronic pH meter. This is a device inserted into the ground and gives an accurate digital reading. 
  2. If you want to do things a little more old-school way, you can use litmus paper. The disadvantage of this approach is that it doesn’t give you an accurate pH reading. It merely tells you whether your soil is acidic or alkaline. 
  3. Another method that produces the same two-toned result is the use of a barium sulfate testing kit. With this method, you mix a sample of soil with the barium sulfate and add water which changes color based on the soil’s acidity or alkalinity.
  4. Moreover, if you don’t want to do the work yourself or don’t have time for it, you can hire an expert for your land’s soil analysis and further advice related to the results. If you are working with an agricultural consultant, he will accomplish all the tasks for you and deliver a report regarding the following steps. 

Advanced organic gardeners can make a solid educated guess regarding the pH level of their soil by making observations. The presence of yellowing leaves on plants is familiar with soil with too high of a pH level.

You might want to see this: Are you eligible to buy agricultural land in Turkey?

The presence of the types of plants themselves also indicates your soil’s pH level; most plants can only grow when the soil is within a particular range on the pH scale. For example, the presence of a heather plant indicates a pH level of around 4.5 to 5.0 since this plant cannot thrive outside of these acidic conditions.

If you need your land to be analyzed, reliable soil testing, and further recommendations, you can contact us anytime.

4 Best Regions For Buying Farmlands in Turkey

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Turkey is a great country with its geographical location, climate, and rich soil quality. Today, I’ll try to explain the best regions for buying farmlands in Turkey.

If you have been planning to invest in agricultural lands in Turkey, you are on the right path. Yet, it’s time-consuming work to decide which region is the best one for a good profit and high revenue.

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Best Regions For Buying Farmlands in Turkey

Turkey is a significant country thanks to its multi-climate and rich soil resources, namely its ‘geographical location.’ You can easily establish Orchard facilities with various product types as different climatic zones are seen and experienced in different areas of the country. It is an ideal country for investors coming from abroad.

And considering the USD/TRY exchange rates, we can assume that you’ll find the cheapest land for sale in Europe.

You can see the article that includes detailed information with its map about which fruit variety can be grown in what part of the country.

4 Regions for buying agricultural land in Turkey

We can examine the country in 4 different sections as Marmara, Aegean, Central Anatolia, and the Mediterranean regions in terms of agricultural farmlands. This distinction doesn’t mean that fruit cultivation cannot be done in other regions of the country, since these are the four regions with an increasing trend, where the establishment of orchards with high value-added products has successfully been achieved in recent years.

Especially in Manisa in the Aegean Region, a part of Balıkesir, and in Konya in the Central Anatolia Region, the orchard establishment has begun to be accomplished more frequently.

The advantage of these two cities, especially in the Aegean Region, in terms of climate and land prices, attracted the attention of domestic and foreign investors.

As a result, the price of the fruit gardens established in other parts of the Aegean region or the decare sales prices of areas suitable for orchard set up is much higher than the regions we mentioned earlier.

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In Manisa and Balıkesir regions, orchards are established on lands allowed for agriculture, on lands with a high slope and slightly hilly areas. It is among the places where you will not have any water supply and irrigation problems.

Konya has one of the cheapest lands

Konya is another province that has rising popularity. The fact that the land prices are affordable and the lands are flat has made it a target point for investors who want to establish an orchard in such an area. Irrigation source is groundwater or state-supported irrigation resources.

In the Marmara Region, Balıkesir, Bursa and Çanakkale are the provinces that are popular in horticulture. Walnut production, one of the popular plants of recent years, is intensive in high altitudes. In the areas located at sea level, hard and pome fruit varieties are produced.

In the Mediterranean Region, intensive fruit growing activities are carried out in Adana, Alanya, and Mersin provinces. Fruit-growing in Mersin and Tarsus regions have gained momentum thanks to the favorable land prices. One of the disadvantages of these regions is that the area is mountainous and sloping.

When you decide where to buy land in Turkey and your targeted product to grow, you can find trusted ag consulting services for assistance to discuss the details.

If you have any thoughts about investing in agricultural lands in Turkey, please do not hesitate to contact us. We can assist you with the most suitable product pattern and region by sharing opinions.

Which Fruits Grow In Turkey? | Turkey Fruit Growing Map

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It’s essential to know which fruits grow in Turkey if you’re planning to own farmland and plant your desired products.

Thanks to the climatic differences experienced in different regions of Turkey due to its geographical location, it enables the cultivation of a wide variety of fruits simultaneously.

As a result, it is possible to produce different fruit varieties continuously for about 9 – 10 months in Turkey.
With the increasing interest of domestic and foreign investors in agriculture in recent years, significant steps have been taken to grow products with high added value (such as Walnut, Almond, Plum, etc.) in different regions of our country. Therefore, the business of establishing new garden facilities has dramatically increased.

In the rest of the article, you will see the display of fruit types grown in different regions of Turkey on the map. The main reason for sharing these maps is that it supports our customers’ standpoint who want to invest, establish a garden, and help them eliminate any question or concerns in their minds.

Which fruits grow in Turkey?

The distribution maps of the most preferred and highly profitable fruits in Turkey have been compiled and collected from TUIK data. For more detailed information, please contact us.


Almond production map of Turkey https://scagriconsult.com
Almond producing regions of Turkey

Almond, one of the products with high added value, is advantageous in growing in a water-resistant and stony soil structure. The province with the most increased production is Mersin, where more than 20,000 tons of products are produced. Adiyaman, Manisa, Muğla and Antalya come respectively.


Turkey Fruit Growing Map | Which fruits grow in Turkey? https://scagriconsult.com
Walnut producing regions of Turkey

The history of walnut, which is one of the most popular fruits with the earnings left to its producers in recent years, with commercial varieties does not go back to old times. The American origin variety Chandler maintains its rising trend with the increase in the number of gardens established in our country, especially after 2008, and new facilities continue to be established. The provinces with the highest production are Mersin, Kahramanmaraş, Hakkari, and Bursa, with 10,000 – 15,000 tons.


Fig production regions map of Turkey https://scagriconsult.com
Fig producing regions of Turkey

The fig fruit, one of the shining products of recent years, is the province with the highest production in our country with a production rate of more than 190,000 tons. Respectively, İzmir, Bursa, and Mersin provinces took the top ranks. Aydın is the province where fig, known as the yellow lobe, grows in excellent taste and quality. Although attempts were made to cultivate the yellow lobe in other regions, the desired taste and aroma could not be achieved.


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Chestnut producing Regions in Turkey

Did you know that the main production center of the fruit, which is the raw material of the famous Bursa Chestnut Candy, is Aydın? It ranks at the top with an annual production of more than 30,000 tons. It is respectively followed by İzmir, Bartın, and Kastamonu. The plant, which grows in the highest quality in the mountains of Aydın, has failed to establish a garden facility in the flat plains. It is essential to carry out correct studies and researches for the lands where breeding is planned.


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Cherry producing regions in Turkey

In our country, which is one of the important export products and has one of the most preferred cherry varieties in the world, the most produced provinces with a tonnage between 50.000 and 70.000 tons are Konya, İzmir, Bursa, with a capacity of 30.000 to 50.000 tons, Manisa, Amasya, Isparta, and Afyonkarahisar follows.

Seedless grape

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Seedless grape producing regions in Turkey

Manisa follows the province with the highest cultivation of seedless grape (table or dried) with 1,450,000 tons and Denizli, İzmir, Mersin, and Gaziantep, respectively.

Wine grape

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Wine grape producing regions in Turkey

The province with the highest production of wine grapes is Denizli, with a capacity of more than 90,000 tons. Kilis, İzmir, Elazığ, Çanakkale, Nevşehir, Tekirdağ and Tokat come respectively.